Sunday concerts in the Stadsarchief (City Archives)
This summer 2015 the Leo Smit Foundation is organising a series of free concerts together with the Amsterdam City Archives. The concerts go hand in hand with the exhibition of Wartime Composers in the main entrance of the building called De Bazel, Vijzelstraat 32, Amsterdam. There will be a short talk to introduce each of the concerts. The exhibition is open 5 June - 23 August during the office hours of the Stadsarchief.
Sunday 7 June 2015 - 10.45 am
Master and student
Music by Leo Smit, Dick Kattenburg, Marius Flothuis and Rosy Wertheim.
Dick Kattenburg graduated as violinist and composer just before the outbreak of the Second World War. He approached Leo Smit for further study in orchestration. When Dick Kattenburg went underground and Leo Smit was forced to move into the Jewish ghetto the lessons continued just the same by secret correspondence.
Dick Kattenburg - Flute Sonata (1937)
Rosy Wertheim - Trois Morceaux for flute and piano (1939)
Daniël Belinfante - Sonatina for Piano no. 3
Marius Flothuis - Sonata da Camera opus 17 (1943)
Dick Kattenburg - Pièce (1939)
Leo Smit - Lento from Flute Sonata (1943)
Eleonore Pameijer - flute
Marcel Worms - piano
Sunday 21 June - 10.45 am
Resistance and deportation
Music by Theo Smit Sibinga, Lex van Delden, Marius Flothuis and Hendrik Andriessen.
Lex van Delden’s name prior to the Second World War was Alexander Zwaap. His work for the Resistance made a cover name necessary. After the war he officially changed his name to Lex van Delden. During the war he provided false identity papers. He lost an eye when an acetylene lamp exploded in his face but he always managed to dodge the occupying enemy. Marius Flothuis gave shelter to Jews going into hiding and organised illegal house concerts. On 18 september 1943 he was betrayed and arrested. He continued to compose while he was in Vught concentration camp and later in Sachsenhausen. He took his music with him on the notorious death marches. Flothuis survived the war and tried to pick up his life again in Amsterdam.
Theo Smit Sibinga - Trois Images (1954)
Lex van Delden - Duo per flauto ed arpa
Marius Flothuis - Pour le tombeau d'Orphée for harp solo
Marius Flothuis - Aubade for flute solo (1944)
Hendrik Andriessen - Intermezzo for flute and harp
Eleonore Pameijer - flute
Erika Waardenburg - harp
Sunday 5 July - 10.45 am
Music by Rosy Wertheim, Henriëtte Bosmans, Israël Olman, and Lex van Delden.
Rosy Wertheim came from a well-to-do family. Her grandfather was a banker and philanthropist. Rosy inherited not only musical talent but also the social concerns of her grandfather. She gave piano lessons to children from poverty stricken families and supported them financially. She founded and led a children’s choir in the Jewish quarter, ‘the worst little rascals' as she said herself! Israël Olman was just a year older than Rosy, but his parents were much less well off. Nevertheless he started music lessons very young and by the time he was sixteen he was conducting his first choir. Several other choirs followed in quick succession, for which Olman composed popular songs. For his 25th anniversary celebrations five full choirs sang to him in the Concertgebouw and hundreds of people turned up at his front door to sing in his honour!
Henriëtte Bosmans - Trois Impressions for cello and piano
Lex van Delden - Vocalise for Henriëtte Bosmans
Israel Olman - Three concert pieces for piano
Rosy Wertheim - Cellosonata
Stephan Heber - cello
Martijn Willers - piano
Sunday 19 July - 10.45 am
Music by Henriëtte Bosmans, Rosy Wertheim, Daniël Belinfante, Martha Belinfante-Dekker, Max Vredenburg, Hans Krieg, Marjo Tal and Simon Gokkes.
In 1919 Dutch women voted for the first time but musical composition was still regarded as a man’s job. Outstanding women such as Rosy Wertheim and Henriëtte Bosmans defied that taboo. They chose their own path and composed some wonderful music. Martha Belinfante-Dekker and her husband Daniël Belinfante ran a music school in Watergraafsmeer. She composed a number of resistance songs. Marjo Tal was described by the critics as 'a pianist with great musical will, a blend of manly determination and female tenderness'.
Henriëtte Bosmans - Daar komen de Canadezen (Here come the Canadians)
Rosy Wertheim - Two Songs
Max Vredenburg - Ah, beau rossignol volage (1948)
Daniël Belinfante - Song of freedom
Martha Belinfante-Dekker - Ode to silence
Marjo Tal - Chansons
Hans Krieg - Songs
Simon Gokkes - Songs
Irene Maessen - soprano
Reinild Mees - piano
Sunday 2 August - 10.45 am
Sem Dresden and the Amsterdam Conservatory
Music by Sem Dresden, Bertus van Lier, Henriëtte Bosmans, Leo Smit and Dick Kattenburg.
Sem Dresden was the musical instructor of many successful composers. He himself studied in Germany but he was one of the first in the Netherlands to be attracted to French music. His legendary classes in composition had an enormous influence on Dutch music of the interwar years. Both Leo Smit and Rosy Wertheim studied under him. When Leo Smit graduated he followed the great master as teacher at the Amsterdam Conservatory.
Bertus van Lier - Dance
Sem Dresden - Selection from Five small pieces for piano
Henriëtte Bosmans - Vieille Chanson
Leo Smit - Forlane from Suite pour piano
Dick Kattenburg - Deux Valses, Tempo di Blues
Lodewijk Crommelin - piano
Sunday 16 August - 10.45 am
Amsterdam – a safe haven?
Music by Franz Weisz, Bob Hanf, Nico Richter, Leo Smit and Géza Frid.
A number of musicians from other countries imagined that they had found a safe haven in Amsterdam. Franz Weisz fled the antisemitic regime in Hungary and settled in Amsterdam as a pianist and composer. He joined the Dutch
composers’ group Genootschap van Nederlandse Componisten and took Dutch nationality. He was even baptised into the Dutch Reformed Church. In spite of this he was arrested by the Nazis and died in Auschwitz. Géza Frid left Hungary in 1927 and settled in the Netherlands. Of Jewish origin, he renounced his Hungarian nationality but by 1940 he was still stateless and had nowhere to go. He organised nearly fifty clandestine house concerts. Miraculously he escaped deportation and survived the war.
Bob Hanf - Small Suite (1939)
Franz Weisz - Suite für Klavier, opus 2
Nico Richter - Two Pieces
Leo Smit - Sonata for flute and piano (1943)
Géza Frid - Caprice Concertante (1930)
Eleonore Pameijer - flute
Andrei Banciu - piano